written in 2017
by Tan Tran, Ph. D.
This paper is in copyright. No reproduction
of any part
may take place without the written permission of the author
This is the third essay
in super-science-religion, in which we clarify the concept
of super-creation and introduce the laws of the universe in
super-religion. The constituents of the universe are
discovered. Also we describe different basic methods of
meditation. The technical words used may cause ambiguity in
meaning to the reader. If so, the reader would be referred
to other texts in Buddhist sermons.
OF TRANSFORMATION BETWEEN
ENERGY AND ELECTRICITY
We have seen the law
of transformation between energy and matter
E = mc2
that explains how energy is
transformed to matter and conversely.
Now we find out
the relation between energy and electricity. The tool we use
is the electron that is assumed to be an elementary
particle: a fundamental building block of matter. In physics
theories, the electron can not be decomposed into more
primary constituents. The electron has the following
(Electron by A. Pais,
Encyclopedia of Physics, Second Edition, VCH.)
1/ The free
electron is generally believed to be absolutely stable. A
lower bound of the lifetime of the electron was established
as 1021 years.
2/ Mass: m=0.511
003 4 MeV/c2=9.109 534 x 10-28 g.
3/ Charge: e=4.803
242 x 10-30 esu.
4/ Spin: h/4π
ratio: 1.001 159 656 7 e/mc
moment: Not observed. Its present experimental upper bound
is 3 x 10-24e cm.
Those are the
measures in the system CGS. If we use the system MKS, we
have mass and charge of the electron:
Mass: m=9.109 534
x 10-31 Kg
177 33 x 10-19 C
If we take the
ratio charge over mass of the electron, we have
e/m = 1.602 177 33 x 10-19
C/9.109 534 x 10-31 Kg
1.758 791 x 1011 C/Kg
Let's call that ratio e/m the
elementary constant r (=1.758 791 x 1011
e = mr = m x 1.758 791 1011
At the scale of
electron, one kilogram of matter is equivalent to 1.758
E=mc2, we have
E = ec2/r
It is the law of
transformation between energy
CREATION OF THE UNIVERSE
So far we have
worked in super-science with the data from the scientific
researches and discoveries of scientists in mechanics and
physics. We have seen many laws of the universe.
On the stand point
of super-science, we know that
the universe is the One of
Energy-Space-Time that is the greatest phenomenon whose
substance is The Supreme Substance of The Supreme Power. The
words Supreme Substance and Supreme Energy are synonyms of
Supreme Power. In different circumstances we use either of
those names for the same meaning.
By Ignorance is
created Space-Time that covers The Supreme Energy and makes
it appear as the One of energy-space-time. So the universe
of energy-space-time is the transformation of Supreme Energy
by Ignorance. The Supreme Energy is beyond the universe,
beyond the Mind and the Word of all sentient beings.
human Mind and Word to describe the Supreme Energy, one can
“imagine” a mystery hidden behind the Ignorance, but can not
really understand and see it as is.
The Way to transcend through the ignorance to reach to the
Supreme Energy. When one can erase the ignorance, the
Supreme Energy can be understood and experienced. It is
We are now at
the stage of searching the Creation of the universe by the
law of Ignorance.
Using the human
language of sciences and philosophy, we conceive that the
Beginning of the universe is Ignorance which is beyond human
knowledge. At this point we must clarify the concept of
Creation. The concept of Creation we conceive here is the
change from the Supreme Energy to this universe of
energy-space-time. It is what we call the Super-Creation
of the Universe from the True Emptiness. We emphasize
that the concept of Super-Creation is different from the
concept of Normal Creation that is making a new
thing from other things which are already made. For example,
people normally create (make) a car from the parts already
made before, or the creation of a cake from flour, milk and
sugar, or the creation of a baby from a man and a woman.
Energy is Beyond the universe, beyond every thing, beyond
the Mind and the Word of sentient beings.
Energy-space-time appears, energy is transformed into mass
and electricity by the two laws
E = mc2
constitute the Gravitation and electricity constitutes the
Karma. Gravitational Field and Karmic Field appear as Forces
in the universe.
Karma have a Unified System of Equations already examined in
the two previous papers, Theoretical Concepts of
Universality, and Super-science-religion.
CONSTITUENTS OF THE UNIVERSE
In this paragraph,
we describe the concepts and laws in Super-Science.
At the beginning,
the energy-space-time appeared first in the
PRIMORDIAL FORM OF
PARTICLE-NO-PARTICLE, AT THE STATE OF NO-REST-NO-MOTION. THE
STATE OF NO-REST-NO-MOTION OF THE PARTICLE-NO-PARTICLE
CONSTITUTES THE ABSOLUTE SPACE OF THE UNIVERSE. In
the absolute space, there are genes of rest and motion which
are the basis of Absolute and Relative. Motions appear due
to the forces of gravitation and karma. The resultant of all
the motions in the universe manifests the ABSOLUTE TIME.
super-science we have Absolute and Relative Systems of
reference and also Absolute and Relative Times as we have
seen in the two previous papers.
Principle of duality, the universe is composed of two worlds
One is the Material World
and the other is the Spiritual World. We say in the material
world there is positive energy, positive matter, and
material electricity. In the spiritual world there is
negative energy, negative matter, and spiritual
electricity. In both worlds, matter and spirit have Forms.
We call Body a form in the material world, and Spirit a form
in the spiritual world. A spirit can incarnate into a body
if there are favorable karmic and gravitational conditions.
When those conditions deteriorate and vanish, the spirit
leaves the body. It is the Law of Birth and Death. Since
after the death, the corpse has no more sensitivity, the
spirit is charged of the Karma. The process of life
sensitivity-emotion-mind-word-action is mainly of the
spirit, which is the karma of the body/spirit during life,
and of the spirit after death. That explains that the karma
continues after the death, and the 5-process
sensitivity-emotion-mind-word-action continues with the
spirit which will incarnate in another body when the karmic
conditions of a spirit and a body are appropriate. It is the
Metempsychosis or the Cycle of Birth and Death: successive
lives will continue for ever.
depends on the karma which is the fruit of the 5-process
sensitivity-emotion-mind-word-action in the past life. The
present life is the fruit of the past 5-process. And the
activities of the 5-process in the present life changes
the karma, which in turn decides the next life. It is
the law of cause and effect of life. Cause an Effect
of Karma determine the successive lives by the alternation
of birth and death.
in life are either GOOD or BAD. Good activities produce
MERIT. Bad activities produce EVIL. Merit and Evil are the
two aspects of Karma: GOOD KARMA and BAD KARMA. We have seen
that our universe has the structure of 6 REALMS. The good
karma and the bad karma of all living beings in this
universe create that structure of six realms. And depending
on the karma of an individual, that individual will be born
in one of the six realms. When living in one realm, the
activities in the 5-process of life determine the karma
which in turn decides the future realm and the future life
of the individual in that future realm. Clearly speaking, if
an individual makes good karma in the present life, that
individual will be born in a realm of higher merit with a
happy life. If an individual makes bad karma in the present
life, that individual will be born in a lower realm of less
merit and more evil with a miserable life.
So far we
have studied the origin of the universe in super science.
On the scientific stand point, we will find next the
constituents of the universe after super-creation. Before
defining the constituents of the universe, we need to review
again the apparition of the primordial particles.
Now we explore the
fundamental constituents of the universe.
particles of energy appear as particles are called the
Vietas. A vieta has dual form: material form and
spiritual form. It has the smallest dimension called laca.
The shortest absolute time for a vieta to move a distance
laca is called a satna. Laca is the smallest absolute
distance, and satna the shortest absolute time in the
universe. The smallest particle of energy vieta transforms
to the smallest mass called a trana. Let's denote a
vieta by E, and a trana by m, we have in
E = mc2
And assume we
have the smallest electricity e which we call
electra, then by using the law of transformation between
energy and electricity at electron scale, we have
E = ec2/r
At this point,
we have scientifically defined
smallest particle of energy
smallest electric charge
laca = smallest
We can say with
creation of vieta, there is no particles;
creation of trana, there is no mass;
creation of electra, there is no electricity;
creation of laca, there is no space;
creation of satna, there is no time;
“Creation” here is the Super-Creation conceptualized before,
which is the apparition of things from the True Emptiness.
The particle-no-particle is the preexistence of the
primordial particles cited above. The particle-no-particle
has two aspects: the aspect of no-particle which is the
no-existence, and the aspects of particle which is the
existence. That means, the primordial particle is
non-decomposable, because if we “decompose” it, we reach the
state of existence-no-existence.
The law of
transformation between energy and mass
is considered as a
Fundamental Law in super-science.
In the context
of scientific researches, we can also take the law of
transformation between energy and electricity for a
fundamental principle, because it is the best we can do even
though the constant r comes from the assumption that
the electron is not decomposable into smaller particles. The
life of an electron is estimated 1021 years by
scientists and is not eternal.
We also find
out the meaning of the constant c (speed of light and
electromagnetic waves in vacuum). We define c as the speed
of a vieta moving a distance laca in a time satna
laca/satna = c
It is a
fundamental principle of super-science.
So far we have
three principles of super-science:
Principle 1: The
speed laca/satna is the speed c of electromagnetic waves.
principle, we see that the constant c is no more a secret
because c is determined by the two primordial particles laca
We need to
understand that the concept of existence has a
meaning only after the super-creation. Before the
super-creation there was no existence.
electromagnetic waves and light are transformed from AURORA
after the super-creation. Before the super-creation, there
was no space-time, hence aurora has not appeared yet. By the
super-creation, aurora is transformed to electromagnetic
waves and light in the universe. That explains why people
can see light but can not see aurora of the Super Power due
to ignorance. When erasing ignorance, enlightening beings
can experience aurora beyond this universe.
Principle 2: The
transformation between energy and matter is determined by
the relation between a vieta and a trana
E = m c2
If we write an energy
E=kE, k is a real number, then E is transformed to a
E = kE = km c2=
That is an energy E=kE transforms to a mass m=km.
Energy and mass
appear only after the super-creation. Before the
super-creation, there was no energy. The Supreme Energy is
transformed to our universal energy after the
super-creation. People can not see the Supreme Energy
because of ignorance. Enlightening people will experience
Supreme Energy. The concept of mass does not exist with
Principle 3: The
transformation between energy and electricity is determined
by the relation betweena vieta and and electra
E = e c2/r
An energy E=kE,
k being a real number, transforms to an electricity e=ke
E = e c2/r
of our universe is transformed from the Supreme Energy,
hence does not exist before the super-creation.
By those three
principles, we see that the electromagnetic waves including
light come from the primordial existences of vieta, laca,
and satna. We also see that masses and electricity come from
the primordial existences of vieta, trana and electra. The
primordial particle vieta plays an essential role in the
foundation and the development of the universe.
We will explore
more the mysterious properties of vieta, the primordial
particle of energy.
appears in the form of vieta
– There is a
transition state of particle-no-particle from the Emptiness
– The state of
particle-no-particle is the state energy-no-energy
– There is no
scientific method to discover a vieta; only meditation can
– Vieta is the
liaison between super-science and super-religion
about the electron leads to a query:
Is the universe Permanent or
The life of the
electron as a “primordial” particle is estimated 1021
years, a billion of billion years longer than a human life,
but the electron after 1021 years will change
finally! People can never experiment such a long period of
time. We can confirm with certainty that every thing in the
universe, even the universe itself, is constantly changing.
The change of any life consists of
birth-aging-sickness-death. And the change of every thing in
the universe consists of four factors:
creation-duration-destruction-annihilation. It is the Law
of Impermanence. Nothing is permanent, nothing is
eternal in the universe. The concept of SOUL as Permanent in
some religions is meaningless. Those religions worship a
CREATOR, who does not exist by the principle of ignorance
and by the super-creation.
We as humans
are living in this universe, and we all know that we were
born, we are aging with time, we are sick time to time and
can never avoid getting sick, and finally we will die
because it is the law of impermanence in the universe. Where
does that impermanence come from? Clearly impermanence is
from ignorance. From ignorance the universe appeared, and it
will disappear. The law of impermanence is a fundamental
law of super-science-religion.
afraid of the death. But rich or poor, successful or failed,
happy or suffering, the life of each person will be
terminated unavoidably. The universe itself will be
destroyed and annihilated.
eternal? What life has no death? What universe has no
We will find an
answer to those questions.
EXPLORATION OF LAWS IN SUPER-RELIGION
developed many laws in super-science, which are more or less
related to super-religion.
Before describing Meditation
and Enlightenment with details, we make an overview of the
laws to have a general view of super-science-religion.
The Law of Duality asserts
that our universe consists of a material world and a
spiritual world connected inseparably together.
The Law of Birth and Death
explains the incarnation of a spirit to a body that is the
birth of a sentient being, and the separation of the spirit
from the body that is the death of the sentient being.
The Cycle of
Birth and Death or Law of Metempsychosis is that after
death, the spirit bound by Karma incarnates to a new body to
make a new life in one of the Six Realms of the universe.
The Six Realms is the structure of this universe, created by
the collective karma of all the sentient beings born in this
The process of
life sensitivity-emotion-mind-word-action comprises all
spiritual and material activities of every sentient being.
All those activities are due to the karma in the past,
present and future lives. The past karma effects the present
life, and the present karma will effect the next life. That
explains more about the law of Cause and Effect in the Cycle
of Birth and Death.
The Universe is
Dual. Beyond the Universe is the No-Duality. The law of
Ignorance explains the change of the Non-Dual Supreme Power
to the Duality of Energy-Space-Time and Energy-Spirit-Heart.
Energy-space-time is the material world in the view of
Energy-Spirit-Heart is the spiritual world in the view of
The One of
Energy-space-Time-Spirit-Heart is the synthesis of
metaphysics is an analysis of the Super-Creation of the
If it is
obscure to some readers, we clarify it with more
conceptions. Beyond the universe is Emptiness.
Super-Creation is the apparition of Existence from Emptiness.
By the law of ignorance, the whole universe appears as the
one of a material world of energy-space-time and a
spiritual world of energy-spirit-heart. The Supreme
Power is No-material and No-spiritual, and by ignorance it
appears as material and spiritual. The universe is a
Great-Phenomenon of which the substance is the
transformation of the Supreme Substance. The
Supreme-Substance and the Supreme Power are the One of
No-Duality. The law of Ignorance asserts that THERE IS NO
CREATOR OF THE UNIVERSE. The belief that a GOD creates the
universe is only a Superstition. The Universe comes from
Ignorance. The origin of the universe is Ignorance which
changes a Great Mystery to the apparition of the universe.
The Great Mystery is the Supreme-Substance which has NO
PHENOMENON, NO SPACE-TIME, NO SPIRIT-HEART. By Ignorance,
the Supreme-Substance transforms to this universe with
space-time, and to karma with spirit-heart. So before the
apparition of the universe with space-time and spirit-heart,
there was No gravitation and No karma. What we know as
energy, mass, electricity, space, time, gravitation, karma,
sensitivity, emotion, mind, word, action appear only after
the super-creation by Ignorance.
and all sentient beings come from Ignorance, and they live
in the envelop of Ignorance. We live in a dream but we don't
know the dream.
We also have
seen other laws in the super-science world, which we don't
describe again here.
But there are
laws in super-religion we have to explore to understand
meditation and enlightenment.
LAW OF FIVE
The bodies of
sentient beings and all other things in the universe
constitute the FORM. The SENSITIVITY of a sentient being
help it FEEL its own presence distinct from other things.
The own presence is the EGO, which we have assigned
as the total of the expression εμq2 (=1) when
studying the rule of coefficients.
interactions of a body/spirit with the environment create
the five sense organs on the body/spirit: the eyes to
see, the ears to hear, the nose to smell, the tongue to
taste, the skin to feel, and the brain to think. By
those five organs, the body/spirit interacts with the
outside world. The Interactions of one individual with
the environment consists of five cumulative steps: corporeal
(Form), senses, perception, mental formation, consciousness.
It is the Law of Five Aggregates. Let's take an
illustration to understand that process.
case of the eyes seeing a thing. We call the eyes the
subject, the thing the object, and the seeing
In the process
of five aggregates, first the eyes SEE the FORM of the
object. From that form comes the SENSE of seeing. From that
sense comes the PERCEPTION on the object. That Perception
creates next the MENTAL FORMATION on the object. Then the
mental formation mixes with all the aggregates of the six
subjects (eyes, ears, nose …) stored in the past karma and
in the present karma to form the COMPLETE CONSCIOUSNESS OF
SIGHT on the object. So the process of Sight Consciousness
consists of FIVE STEPS called the FIVE AGGREGATES or FIVE
At this point,
we should not be confused the Law of Five Aggregates with
the Law of Five Activities.
The Law of Five
Life Activities consists of
Sensitivity-Emotion-Mind-Word-Action manifesting all the
activities of a sentient being.
The Law of Five
Aggregates consists of five factors:
manifesting the five mental steps of interactions of a
body/spirit with the environment. So what we observe is the
presence of THREE ELEMENTS: SUBJECT – CONSCIOUS-NESS –
OBJECT. The consciousness is the intermediate relation
between the subject and the object. Let's call subject,
consciousness, object the three elements
of the process of interaction of one organ like eyes, ears,
nose… with the environment. Since we have Six Organs, there
are 18 elements with six categories of perception of the
six organs. In our life, every moment we live with our
With the Law of
Five Aggregates we can envisage the Five Impurities.
THE FIVE IMPURITIES.
We know that the
INSTINCTS OF LIFE
are the BIRTH, the NOURISHMENT, the REPRODUCTION, the DEATH.
The birth and death are already explained in the Law of
Birth and Death. The Nourishment and the Reproduction are
the obligations of life. By the evolution of life, the
sentient beings multiply themselves by reproduction. And due
to the need of living, they struggle for subsistence and
fight together for foods and sexuality. Sentient beings live
on the death of other beings.
five aggregates WERE GENUINE and PURE. But by fighting and
killing one another, the sentient beings become more and
more greedy, angry, delirious, which make the five
aggregates IMPURE. It is what we call the FIVE IMPURE
AGGREGATES, which are the actual impure mental cumulative of
the humane population on the earth today. The present
aggregates of all sentient beings in the six realms of the
universe are impure.
aggregates form the foundation of the six realms. Good
Karma and Bad Karma are the fruits of the impure aggregates.
The structure of the six realms is based on the foundation
of karma. Before, in super-science, we conceived the
structure of the six realms based on different accelerations
and forces in the material-like space and in the
spiritual-like space. Here, on the stand point of
super-religion, we conceive that the apparition of the
six realms in the universe is the consequence of the effects
of karma. To understand that verity, just look at the
formation of the society in the world. The structure of the
society is based on religion, culture, economy, finance,
laws etc ... all of which come from the collective karma and
the individual karma of the population.
From the impure
aggregates, we further explore more laws of super-religion.
LAW OF NO-FORM.
aggregate is the cumulative FORM. Every form,
material or spiritual, is composed of matter in five states:
solid, liquid, gas, energy, space. The composition of the
five states is Impermanent because they change constantly
and make the form evolute in the process of four factors:
creation, duration, destruction, annihilation. For sentient
beings, the four factors are: birth, aging, sickness,
death. It is the LAW OF IMPERMANENCE we have discovered
before. By that law we affirm that FORM IS IMPERMANENT.
Because form is impermanent, we conclude there is no fixed
form, no constant form, and forcibly there is NO-FORM.
It is the LAW OF NO-FORM. Every form always changes.
Our body and our spirit always change. The LAW OF NO-FORM
is a manifestation of the LAW OF IMPERMANENCE. That law
helps us explain how we perform meditation to escape the
restriction of form to transcend beyond the universe.
Meditation is the RIGHT METHOD to erase ignorance and
go beyond the universe to attain enlightenment.
LAW OF NO-EGO.
aggregate is the cumulative SENSE. Scientifically, we
have seen that SENSITIVITY is from the electric
density on the skin (see THEORETICAL CONCEPTS OF
UNIVERSALITY.) And we have also shown that the karma of
a sentient being is charged by the spirit because after the
death the dead corpse does not have anymore sensitivity. The
five process of life creates the karma which determines the
reincarnation of the spirit to a new body to make a new
living being in one of the six realms of the universe. The
sensitivity is the cement of attachment of the spirit and
the body in the body/spirit. An individual recognizes the
body and the spirit as as a whole existence that has
sensitivity. That whole existence senses the distinction
between the individual and the environment: it is the
feeling of EGO. Everybody sees the Ego as the most
important existence because the Ego is the form that has the
sensitivity, and other corporeal and mental activities. But
the feeling changes constantly and hence the Ego also
changes constantly. So there is no eternal ego
because Ego is composed of different changing cumulative.
That is the ego is impermanent. Because the
ego is impermanent, we have the
LAW OF NO-EGO. Each of us must
reveal that we have no unchanged ego; our existence is only
a virtual ego which appears here by ignorance. The universe
and every thing come from the Supreme Power by ignorance.
Before the universe appears, there was no ego, during life
there is no eternal ego, and when completely enlightening
the ego will disappear in the Supreme Power. Knowing
intelligently the law of no-ego will help us understand
meditation and enlightenment.
LAW OF NO-SUBSTANCE.
aggregate is the cumulative PERCEPTION. With the
perception of the form and the sense we recognize the
substance of an object. For example, we see a chair
different from a table, a bird different from a human. It is
the difference by substance. The perception of
substance comes to our mind after the development of the
form and the sense. In a general analysis, we can assimilate
the third aggregate of perception with the mind in the five
steps process of life. The substances are different from one
species to another species. For example, a wood table for
human is a house and food for termites. The same thing has
two different substances for two species. What we recognize
as “table substance” is “house and food substance” for
termites. There is no unique substance of one thing for all
species. Clearly, things have NO SUBSTANCE, because
the concept of perception is completely relative to
different species and individuals. It is the LAW OF
NO-SUBSTANCE. That law will help us learn and practice
LAW OF METEMPSYCHOSIS.
aggregate is the cumulative MENTAL FORMATION, which
comes after the FORM, the SENSE, and the
PERCEPTION. The six organs eyes, ears, nose, tongue,
skin, and brain have all the five aggregates working before
and now. The mental formation relates to all of those
aggregates and combines with them to make a configuration of
new mental formation for creating karmic seeds which will
be stored in the subconsciousness. Those karmic seeds
will contribute to the modification of karma which in turn
determine the future karmic conditions for the next
incarnation. In super-religion language, the mental
formation will direct the spirit on the route to find an
appropriate body and incarnate into it when the karmic
conditions of the spirit and the new body are appropriate.
We call it the LAW OF METEMPSYCHOSIS. It is what is
called BIRTH-DEATH-CYCLE or LAW OF SUCCESSIVE LIVES.
In the mental formation, the mental activities create good
karma or bad karma. Good karma produces MERIT and Bad
karma produces EVIL. The proportion of merits and
evils makes a modification of karma. The resulting karma
will be judged to the level of one of the six realms.
And the next life will be in the corresponding realm of
conforming karma: The result of the judgment will be a
sentence to the realm of gods, of humans, of attula, of
animals, of ghosts, or of hells.
LAW OF BIRTH AND DEATH.
aggregate is the cumulative CONSCIOUSNESS. After the
process of form, sense, perception, the subconsciousness of
the mental formation inter-relates to all the five
aggregates and all the karmic seeds of the past and of the
present to form the consciousness on the observed thing.
That consciousness changes very rapidly. A thinking idea
appears and quickly disappears for a new idea comes up.
Actually, the consciousness determines all of our activities
in the five steps process of life
sensitivity-emotion-mind-word-action. The continual change
of successive concepts effects the activities in life. The
activities effect the karma which creates the karmic seeds.
The karmic seeds decide our life and also our death. It is
what we call the LAW OF BIRTH AND DEATH. The
consciousness is the power of the spirit and not of the
body. The spirit uses its power to guide the activities of
the sentient being – body/spirit. We have seen the law of
birth and death many times in the essays. Here, we explain
it again by the aggregate of consciousness because it helps
understand more precisely super-religion.
COLLECTIVE KARMA AND INDIVIDUAL KARMA.
We have discussed
the five aggregates, the five impure aggregates, and the
five fundamental laws of super-religion. In the formation of
the five aggregates, each of them effects the vital
activities of the five-process of life. The aggregates
effect the body, the sensitivity, the emotion, the mind, the
word and the action in life. The aggregates and the vital
activities are recorded in the karma like the work, the
scholar activities and the working experience are recorded
in the resume of a person. The resume of a person is like
the history of country in which all the activities of the
population are written and recorded. We have two aspects of
history: the collective history and the individual history.
karma has two different aspects: collective karma and
Let's take an
example to understand. We have seen in the description of
the law of no-substance that a wood table has the “substance
of table” for the human species but it has the “substance of
house and food” for the species of termites. In that
example, we can say “substance of table” is the collective
substance of the human species, and “house and food” is the
collective substance for the species of termites. For karma,
we can say the same: the human species has the collective
human karma; the termites have the collective termites'
karma. But among the human beings with the same human karma,
each individual has a distinct life with a distinct
body/spirit, that is, each individual has a distinct
individual karma. Similarly, in the species of termites with
the collective termites' karma, each termite has a distinct
individual karma. All the gods have the same collective god
karma, and each god has a distinct god karma. All the
animals have the same collective animal karma, and each
animal has a distinct individual animal karma. All the
ghosts have the same collective ghost karma, and each god
has a distinct individual ghost karma. All the persons in
hell have the same collective hell karma, and each of them
has a distinct individual hell karma.
CAUSES OF KARMA.
The main subject
of the vital activities is the body/spirit (form.) The
body/spirit produces the feeling of distinction of the ego
from the environment. The mental concept of ego is formed by
the five aggregates, essentially by the sensitivity of the
body/spirit. Then the ego activates the five steps process
of life sensitivity-emotion-mind-word-action. The aggregates
and the five steps of life activities work together to
produce karma. In that ensemble of vital activities and
aggregates, we see first the form, then sensitivity, motion,
mind, word and action. Six those factors create karma in
The form plays the
essential role in the life of a sentient being. From the
form, the sensitivity produces the ego. The ego then has
emotion. From emotion comes mind which expresses word then
action. We see that action is the last step in the process
of life. But each of the six steps produces karma and the
last one is the most influential. The three first steps –
form, sensitivity, emotion – that produce ego – are in
oriental philosophy not essential in creating karmic seeds.
The three steps – mind, word, action – are the main causes
of karma. In life activities, what we think, what we say,
what we do all contribute to the creation of karma. The good
or bad thoughts, the good or bad words, the good or bad
actions have consequences that cause the karma. From those
things the actions are the most important generator of the
DESCRIPTION OF SUCCESSIVE LIVES.
For a life, we have seen the
factors of vital activities: Form, Sensitivity, Emotion,
Mind, Word, Action that create the karma for the next life.
We see that all of
our activities in the present life effect our karma and
produces karmic seeds, which determine our next life. The
next life will be in one of the six realms in the structure
of the universe.
We remind here the
six realms built up on the foundation of Merit and Evil.
1/ Realm of God or
2/ Human Realm
3/ Attula Realm
(oriental concept) or Angel Realm (occidental concept)
4/ Animal Realm
5/ Ghost Realm
6/ Hell Realm
The realms 1-2-3 belong to
the spiritual-like space-time.
The realms 4-5-6 belong to
the material -like space-time.
In super-religion, we have
seen above the concepts and laws:
* Law of Impermanence
* Five activities of life: sensitivity, emotion,
mind, word, action
* Three causes of ego: form, sensitivity, emotion
* Three causes of karma: mind, word, action
* Five aggregates of interactions: form, senses,
perception, mental formation, consciousness
* Two instincts of life: nourishment, reproduction
* Three causes of impurity: greed, anger, delirium
* Five impure aggregates
* Law of no-form
* Law of no-ego
* Law of no-substance
* Law of successive lives (metempsychosis)
* Law of birth and death
Those laws and
concepts will be used to describe Meditation and
- PHẦN 2
Tiến Sĩ Toán học
Giáo sư Toán Đại học Loras
tại Iowa, Hoa Kỳ